The keys to successfully apply the inverted classroom model or flipped classroom

In traditional education, the student attends class, in a physical location, listen to the teacher’s explanation, etc. Over the years, this dynamic has evolved, with more or less changes depending on the educational cycle. More participation, more interaction, introducing technological elements that promote working at home… And among the proposals they want change the classic model completely, the idea of ​​an inverted classroom or flipped classroom stands out.

Its purpose is combine time inside and outside the classroom. Outside the classroom, the student becomes familiar with the study material using more or less technological methods. Then, in class, what has been learned at home is put into practice through participatory activities in which the teacher guides the student, who has the main role. But like any initiative that wants to change the above, for it to bear fruit it is necessary apply it correctly.

That the student comes prepared from home and dedicates time to study it takes a lot of effort by students and teachers. That the activities in class are participative and push the student to participate, also requires that both parties are involved. In short, what are the keys for the inverted classroom or flipped classroom model to work correctly?

constant involvement

If the inverted classroom or flipped classroom model promotes active learning by the student and his active participation in class, this means you have to do your part to make the system work. To begin with, the student must spend time on the subject matter outside of the classroom. To make it easy for him, the educator can play with the calendar, give a timeframe enough, not saturate with excessive content, let the student manage their time, etc. This first pillar is essential for the rest of the process to go well.

And it is that once in the classroom, the student must come prepared after having consulted the study material. It is clear that he may have doubts, questions or not have understood something. But if we ignore this previous preparation, the student will not be able to participate in class and thus take advantage of the mixed model proposed by the inverted classroom.

In any case, the active participation in class it is also essential. Raise doubts, ask the teacher to solve problems or complete the study material They are ideal activities to try in the classroom together with other activities in which the student participates actively and not simply asking the educator.

permanent communication

One of the advantages of this learning model is that the flipped classroom is adaptable. Characteristic that any educational model must have today. In such a fickle reality, it is necessary adapt the study process to the needs of the student or that the moment requires. And the same in the flipped classroom, both in its online and face to face version. But for changes to occur, problems must be detected early. And this is where communication comes in.

Although the online education has a certain degree of independence for the student, you cannot leave all the responsibility to him. The educator has to be in communication, active or passive, to know the work done for each student, the problems they have encountered… Facilitate different lines of communicationraise doubts and questions via the forum, instant messaging or by email, it is of vital importance to detect differences between students and ensure that everyone achieves their goals.

Online tutorials, questionnaires or the simple observation of the activities carried out in class are other resources that teachers and students they have in their hand to detect a problem. We are always in time to change a study material, provide new reference material to a certain student or personalized advice. But sometimes it’s more complicated detect that need than satisfy her.

Flipped classroom, teaching on demand

One of the elements that usually affects student involvement is that what is to be taught is not done with the right activities and materials. Hence the need to know, on the one hand, the interests and difficulties of each student. What do they want to learn? What aspects of the subject matter are the most relevant? Is there anything we can leave out to make the classes lighter? What readings are the most appropriate? What can we complement these readings with? Audiovisual material? Online activities?

Fortunately, we have plenty of multimedia and technological resources that facilitate the transmission of knowledge. We can even play with gamification or edutainment elements, two proposals that introduce play and entertainment as an excuse to teach any subject in a more attractive way than simply recommending pages and pages of data and information.

In short, the inverted classroom model or flipped classroom gives more work than the traditional model. The student must be involved. in the process of acquiring knowledge, processing the study material, assimilating the content and applying it in practical activities. And, for his part, the teacher must provide adequate content, detect problems in each student, motivate them and, ultimately, ensure that the whole class participate and learn. No one ever said it was easy but neither did it say it was impossible.