1. Home
  2. >>
  3. wifi
  4. >>
  5. The history of the router: from IMP to Smart WiFi in 40 years

The history of the router: from IMP to Smart WiFi in 40 years



The history of the router: from IMP to Smart WiFi in 40 years


Since the creation of the Internet in 1983, our lives have been evolving at breakneck speed. Without realizing it, we have had to assimilate all these changes so as not to be left behind, going from doing simple searches in browsers to being able to control appliances from the mobile phone.

Today we can no longer imagine what it would be like to live without being permanently connected. The use of new technologies and social media is part of our daily routine: go to work, eat, sleep, talk on WhatsApp, find out the latest news on Twitter or upload that vacation photo that we love so much to Instagram.

Telephone, as a pioneering company in innovation and new technologies, has ensured that its clients can get the most out of their connections. The last great milestone of the company has been the launch of the Smart WiFi 6 amplifier, the first device with WiFi 6 in Spain. All the advances that the company has been making throughout these years have allowed it to be present in Spanish homes since its inception.

The first router: IMP (Interface Message Processors)

Every story has its beginning and that of the router dates back to the 60s and 70s. A network based on packet switching was designed, called ARPANET (ARPA Network), whose mechanism facilitated the efficient use of alternative routes.

Devices connected to the ARPANET were called IMPs (Interface Message Processors) and they were computers that stored and forwarded messages using packet switching techniques. These devices are known as the first “routers” because it is the first time that packet switching stops being just theory and begins to be put into practice. Later in the hands of the NSF (National Science Foundation), a government scientific research agency of the United States, NSFNET is born, the first network that acts as the backbone of the Internet. It began to operate in 1985 using the same technology and protocols as the ARPANET and due to its immediate success, in 1990 the ARPANET ceased to function permanently.

The NSFNET network was operational until 1995. In that year, the NSF (National Science Foundation) provisionally transferred control of the Internet to four North American operators: MFS Datanet, Sprint, Ameritech and Pacific Bell. These companies constitute the access points to the network, known as NAP (Network Access Point)which provide connectivity to ISP (Internet Service Provider). The Internet service provider (ISP) is the company that offers Internet connection services to its customers. The process of decentralization of the Network continues during the following years, establishing the architecture that is maintained today.

unstoppable growth

In the last 20 years the Internet has grown by leaps and bounds. At the end of the 1990s, xDSL standards began to be used, allowing access to a high speed connection to a large number of users. In 2001, the 3G network began to be used for the first time. In the following years, thanks to the creation of mobile devices with great connectivity capabilities and the appearance of the Web 2.0 universe (a model of web pages that seek to convert the user into an active and interactive agent, and not just a mere recipient of information) Internet does nothing but increase its growth at a dizzying pace.

Due to the rise of the Internet, IPv4 addresses were exhausted in 2007 (Internet Protocol version 4 is an Internet based networking protocol, and was the first version implemented for ARPANET production in 1983). This factor drives the upgrade from IPv4 to IPv6 protocol, designed to solve the address exhaustion problem. In addition, it is a key element in the adoption of NAT (Network Address Translation), a system used in networks under the IP protocol and that allows the exchange of packets between two networks that have mutually assigned incompatible IP addresses.

In 2010, the 4G network began to be used and in 2013, with the help of Cisco a new concept called Internet of Everything (Internet of all things). This idea is totally disruptive, because it seeks to provide connectivity to any object that, being connected, has added value. Along this path, 5G arrived at the end of 2018, which aims to meet the communication needs of billions of connected devices.

The important role played by Telefónica

Telefónica has been one of the main players in the development and advancement of telecommunications. In 1995 he set up his first Internet connection. At the beginning of the 21st century, it opted for ADSL and it was a complete success. The first router it distributed for ADSL was the 3 Com 812 model. Its second big bet on connectivity was fiber optics and, once again, it was a resounding success, becoming the great dominator in the Spanish market. In 2005 it began to carry out its first tests, already offering a 50 Mbps download connection. In addition, that same year it launched the first router with WiFi technology on the market.

Currently, with the arrival of 5G and WiFi 6, they are beginning a new stage in the field of connectivity. But, there are things that do not change over time, and Telefónica continues to lead the digital transformation in the world of telecommunications.

Being the reference company in this field has allowed Telefónica to be able to analyze and know what its customers need at all times. For that reason, continues betting on the user and does so through Hogar Movistar. The goal is to provide greater connectivity between devices to make life at home easier, more familiar and more private.

A new era: The Smart WiFi Router and the Smart WiFi Range Extender 6

Within the Hogar Movistar ecosystem you can enjoy the latest technology and the best connectivity. An example of this are two of its devices, the Smart Wifi Router and the Smart WiFi 6 Amplifier.

TheSmart WiFi Router has WPS 2.0 technology, which facilitates and speeds up the configuration and installation of new wireless equipment in the home using QR codes printed on its own casing. The latest firmware versions include Band Steering technology, which automatically selects the best available band at any given time (2.4 or 5 GHz). This router is the best that the company has launched so far. If something differentiates it from its predecessors, it is that it is designed so that you take advantage of all the connection possibilities in your home, from improving network security, controlling which devices are connected to the Internet, to completely blocking access to them.

On the other hand, if you want your connection to reach even the areas of your house where there is usually no connection, the Smart WiFi 6 Amplifier is your solution, although there are currently limited units of said product. This device has a speed up to 5 times higher and with 30% more coverage than a device of the previous generation. Thanks to the WPA3 protocol, it has greater security and also offers the possibility of creating a single WiFi network for the entire home with the same name and password for all devices.

Take control from the Smart WiFi App

Telefónica wants to bring the latest technology to its customers’ homes, in order to make their lives as simple, comfortable and safe as possible. Within this objective is the Smart Wi Fi mobile appa completely new application in Spain, which offers the user the possibility of managing the router or the amplifier from their mobile:

If you don’t have it yet, what are you waiting for? Download the version for Android or the version for IOS.

But that’s not all, because if you are also a Movistar Fusión customer and have a UHD Decoder or UHD Smart WiFi Decoder with the Living App Smart Wi Fi In Movistar+ you can see which devices have access to your WiFi network, check the password and restart the router from your television.

Don’t stay behind and get these two Movistar devices now to get the most out of your digital experience!