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Spain vs. world: what is the state of digital careers?

Spain vs. world: what is the state of digital careers?

Technology is everywhere. This implies that someone has to design it, manufacture it and implement it. And that everything passes through it, thus creating new business opportunities, new markets, new needs and new professional profiles to meet that demand. no wonder that digital careers are on the rise and that the professional studies related to these digital profiles must face the growing demand. But is it like this everywhere?

At the end of 2020, the World Economic Forum presented a report entitled The Future of Jobs, The future of jobs. Interesting data related to the present and future of jobs around the world can be extracted from this report. What do companies demand? What digital careers will have more pull? This is the TOP 5 with projections for 2025: cloud computing, Big Data, IoT and connected devices, encryption and cybersecurity and, finally, artificial intelligence.

That same report indicates that, by 2025, more than 85 million professionals they will have changed sectors due to the replacement of human labor by machines. A transition that is generating new jobs and new digital profiles that will move between the human, machines and algorithms. Old jobs will be destroyed but new positions will be created focused on recently created sectors in which digitization and technology are always present.

Higher paying jobs vs. most demanded

A study of the training portal and professional studies Simplify has compiled a list of the highest paying IT jobs. The data comes in US dollars, takes into account US companies and has been extracted from the salary portal glass door. In the list appear recent profiles and other more long lived, although the specialization is the common link of all of them.

The list is headed by data scientist, IoT solutions architect (Internet of Things), Big Data engineer, software architect and Blockchain engineer. The list is completed by a DevOps engineer, Cloud Architect, Full Stack developer, Artificial Intelligence engineer and, finally, Product Manager.

Do these data from the United States correspond to what we can find in Spain? Saving the distances, we can compare that list of tech jobs better paid with the most demanded digital professions in Spain. Like the one you make Telefonica Foundation under the name Job Map. Crossing both lists we find digital profiles that coincide as a full stack developer, data engineer and analyst, digital product manager or DevOps engineer.

Another Spanish list of the most demanded professional profiles is the one prepared by EAE Business School under the name EPyCE. In its 2020 results, the most requested profiles related to technology are Data Science, computer engineer, Big Data or computer programmer.

Digitization in the Spanish economy

More interesting facts. The digitization of the economy generated 22% of Spain’s GDP in 2020. This is clear from a study presented this year by the Spanish Association of Digital Economy (Adigital) and Boston Consulting Group entitled “Digital Economy in Spain”. That figure includes the direct impact and the indirect impact of that digitization.

And to understand each other, by digitization we understand that every company has digital communication channels (online store, corporate page, presence in social networks), their internal processes have been updated (use of ERP, CRM, cloud services), analysis of data and digital capabilities.

However, in these last two areas, the news is not entirely positive. Only 8% of small businesses benefit from Big Data. And only 12% of small businesses have technical specialists on staff. There is a long way to go.

But it’s not all bad news. According to data from the European Statistical Agency, the Eurostat, we can know the percentage of professionals with digital careers, what has come to be called STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics). In percentage of professionals per 1,000 inhabitants with data from 2018, the European ranking is led by Ireland (35.2%), France (26.5%), the United Kingdom (25.2%), Finland (23.8%) and Denmark (23.3%). Spain ranks seventh with 21%, close to the European average (20.5%).

Digitization around the world

After seeing that the main digital careers appear on all lists and reports on demand, job opportunities and professional future, it is worth comparing its weight in different countries. One way to do this is through the Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI).

This index analyzes the digital progress of the economies and societies of different countries, both European and the rest of the world. Among other parameters, it takes into account human capital (digital knowledge), connectivity (bandwidth, mobile coverage), integration of digital technologies and digital public services.

In the 2021 index, these top the list European countries: Denmark, Finland, Sweden, the Netherlands and Ireland. Spain occupies ninth place. If we extend this index to all the worldthe list is headed by Iceland, Norway, the United States, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Japan and Korea.