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Evolution of medicine: a path supported by knowledge, technology and innovation



Evolution of medicine: a path supported by knowledge, technology and innovation


The evolution of medicine It has a long history with procedures carried out since ancient times such as the Paleolithic. In prehistory, medicine was immersed in magical rituals, where shamans and similar figures used preparations based on plants, animals, and minerals.

In the history of medicine, the Egyptians recorded an extensive study of diseases and treatments, going back to 3,000 BC Doctors at the service of the pharaohs and their instruments, have been reflected in tombs and temples.

The so called medical papyri (2040 to 1795 BC) include Egyptian diagnoses, treatments and medications. The Ebers papyrus stands out in this period for its details of recipes, ointments and instructions for treatments.

Next, we will learn how the historical evolution of medicine was enriched by the research of great philosophers.

Greece and hippocratic thought in the evolution of medicine

An important medical school flourished in Alexandria with exponents such as Herophilus, Erasistratus and Galen.These philosophers, among others, helped develop scientific and philosophical thought and the Hippocratic orientation of medicine.

Herophilus of Chalcedon (335 280 BC) developed the first comprehensive work on the anatomy and connections of the nervous system. Erasistratus of Ceos (304 250 BC) studied the brain, blood vessels and nerves.

Aelius Galen or Galen of Pergamon (128 200), studied medicine with followers of Hippocrates and was physician to several Roman emperors. He was a talented anatomist and also influenced his treatises in the definition of ethical aspects of medicine (Campohermoso, 2016).

Socrates and the ethics of medicine

Socrates the Greek (470 BC) has gone down in history as one of the most important classical philosophers. He stands out for his approaches to ethics and morals in patient care.

Socrates He carried out studies regarding the functioning of the mind and the understanding of the world. From his practices derive the maieutics and the Socratic method, still in use. He also studies the psyche, the development of the inductive method, and constructivism, among other areas.

The list of figures who contributed to the evolution of medicinesince antiquity and the Middle Ages is much broader, for now Let’s move further into the present.

Evolution of medicine: current advances in this field

The main medical advances of today have been possible thanks to the combination with technological innovation and research development. Here are three examples with important technological applications for the present and future of medicine.

1. Immune inhibitors and adoptive immune cells against cancer

Dr. Michael A. Teitell, Director of the UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, highlights how Advances in immunotherapies have allowed the development of more effective treatments.

For some types of cancer, clinical studies are being carried out that mean important niches of evolution of medicine:

2. Monoclonal antibodies against Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a disease in which the immune system attacks elements of nerve fibers (myelin sheaths). Causing gradual and progressive damage.

The most recent advances in MS immunotherapies include:

3. Greater access to telemedicine and new generation vaccines

The pandemic accelerated the application of existing technologies and innovation and adaptation of online healthcare approaches , in order to serve millions of people sheltered from contagion in their homes. An example of this is telemedicine. At the same time, we have seen how the development of vaccines has accelerated, seeking solutions to stop the advance of the pandemic or reduce its effects.

Technology once again shows its contributions to the evolution of medicine responding with innovations such as:

Future expectations in the evolution of medicine

The main medical advances reviewed by Science magazine in its 2020 Breakthrough of the Year point to:

Telecommunications technologies, big data analysis, artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things support medical praxis, expanding the scope of telemedicine as is the case of Movistar health.

The combination between medicine and technology is inseparable, creating new approaches or improving existing ones. Therefore, the evolution of medicine will continue to amaze us, improving our life expectancies.

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