Can technology save endangered species?
Technology has become a great ally in different fields. For example, we have seen how it has been able to help save human lives, but can it help animals in danger of extinction?
Technological advances have been and are of great help to improve our way of life. Now providing improvements to those who need it most with projects such as Internet para Todos, Telefónica’s initiative to connect the unconnected in Latin America, is one of the priorities of technology to help humanity.
But if technology has helped us to advance, it has also done the same with animals with whom it has even played a relevant role in saving to endangered species.
A project to save endangered animals
Let us consider the case of Cambodia. The Asian country has in its fauna more than 15 globally endangered species: the Asian elephant, leopards or tigers, all of them threats by the poaching.
To stop the disappearance of these species, the Harvard University has been working on developing a computer program in order to stop indiscriminate hunting.
Other factors must be taken into account: state of the habitat of the species, since they can be harmed by the climate change and the pollution. For this reason, environmental experts hope that Artificial Intelligence, the use of drones and of the cloud serve as a great help to safeguard the species.
What initiatives exist?
We have mentioned the case of Cambodia and Harvard University, but there are other projects that are being of great help.
For example, software SMART (Spatial Monitoring and Reporting Tool) created by the World Wildlife Fund, Wildlife Conservation Society and the Frankfurt and London Zoos. This program was created with the purpose of saving elephants, dolphins and rhinos.
Currently, the program is monitoring more than 2,000 locations scattered all over the planet. Thanks to this system, it is possible to analyze and send data on prohibited activities, thus allowing the authorities to be notified and act accordingly.
Another case is the initiative created by the organization Canadian Wildlife Federationthrough the system of GPS technologywith the aim of tracking leatherback turtles and also the use of the radio telemetry for the purpose of tracking bats.
It is also noteworthy that researchers around the world are using a database that allows access to vital data on animals in danger of extinction. This project was developed by the University of Sydney and Amazon Web Service. The software allows you to analyze massive amounts of data in a matter of minutes no matter where on the planet and the means available to them.
According to United Nations there is between 150 and 200 species of living beings becoming extinct every daythat’s 1,000 times the rate of natural extinction estimated by experts and it is expected that in the coming decades the number of disappeared will increase, reaching serious consequences on our planet.